Coordinate and produce local community lectures to increase concussion awareness

  Student - Athletes

What is a concussion?

A concussion is an injury to the brain which disrupts normal functioning. The injury is produced by abrupt force violently moving the brain inside the skull. It can be produced by a direct hit to the head/face or through translational force due to a body blow or forceful head movement. A concussion does not always involve loss of consciousness.

How do I know I have a concussion?

If you get hit in the head, face or body and afterwards feel different than you did prior to the hit, you may have a concussion. Signs and symptoms of a concussion are:

Symptoms: headache/pressure, vision changes, sensitivity to light or noise.
Physical Signs: Balance problems, fatigued, nausea, vomiting, visual changes, ears ringing.
Cognitive Changes: Confused, difficulty remembering, difficulty concentrating, feeling slowed down or in a daze.
Behavioral Changes: more emotional, irritability, sudden sadness, sleep difficulty.

What should I do if I think I have a concussion?

If you get hit in the head or hit your head against something and think you may have suffered a concussion, immediately take yourself out of the game or practice and be sure to tell your athletic trainer or coach. If you have injured yourself in school or at home, immediately tell your school nurse or parents that you think you may have a concussion.

Why is it important for me to tell someone I have a concussion?

Careful attention to your injury will help your recovery. Not having others be aware of your closed head injury puts you at risk for worsening of symptoms and prolonged problems. You are also at greater risk to incur another concussion which can lead to serious neurological problem san din the worst case, death. Make should you are quickly evaluated by a professional who is trained in identifying a concussion, such as your doctor or athletic trainer.

How can I quickly heal from my concussion?

The only treatment for a concussion is rest. This involves physical rest from sports and activities that raise your heart rate and make you sweaty and cognitive rest from TV, video games, computers, texting and in some cases school work and possibly attendance. You want to avoid activities that increase your symptoms until you are symptom free. Many physicians believe that the earlier you begin your rest, the quicker your recovery will be. This is not an injury you can fight through. As you recover, more demanding physical and cognitive activity will be gradually attempted and monitored.

How can I prevent a concussion from occurring?

  • At the moment, there is no way of completely preventing a concussion from occurring. Remember, a concussion occurs when the brain is abruptly and forcefully shaken inside the skull from an acceleration or declaration force. Helmets are designed to prevent skull fractures and bleeds within the brain, but they do not stop the brain from accelerating, decelerating and rotating.
  • Of course, helmets and protective equipment have their place, however, please remember just because they you are wearing a "concussion marketed" helmet does not mean you are invincible!

Frequently, athletes will play more hazardously because they believe it is impossible to get injured due to their helmet or protective equipment.

Some studies have suggested that when an athlete is aware of an impending hit, they are more able to prepare themselves for the impact. Unanticipated hits may cause larger acceleration forces to the head which may result in an increased risk of injury. Playing with proper hitting and tackling techniques as well has making sure you are well conditioned and aware on the playing field are the first steps in injury prevention.

Want to learn more? Check out these other websites!

Center for Disease Control: http://www.cdc.gov/concussion/sports/cdc_ncaa.html
Task Force Video:CTCTF video